These programmed visions have also made computers, based on metaphor, metaphors for metaphor itself, for a general logic of substitutability. Mit press MA. New media proliferates “programmed visions, ” which seek to shape and predict―even embody―a future based on past data. In programmed visions, wendy hui Kyong Chun argues that these cycles result in part from the ways in which new media encapsulates a logic of programmability.
Programmed Visions Software Studies: Software and Memory #ad - A theoretical examination of the surprising emergence of software as a guiding metaphor for our neoliberal world. New media thrives on cycles of obsolescence and renewal: from celebrations of cyber-everything to Y2K, from the dot-com bust to the next big things―mobile mobs, Web 3. 0, cloud computing.
Updating to Remain the Same MIT Press: Habitual New Media The MIT PressMIT Press #ad - But what do we miss in this constant push to the future? in updating to Remain the Same, Wendy Hui Kyong Chun suggests another approach, arguing that our media matter most when they seem not to matter at all―when they have moved from “new” to habitual. Smart phones, for example, no longer amaze, but they increasingly structure and monitor our lives.
Why do we view our networked devices as “personal” when they are so chatty and promiscuous? What would happen, Chun asks, if, rather than pushing for privacy that is no privacy, we demanded public rights―the right to be exposed, to take risks and to be in public and not be attacked? . Networks have been central to the emergence of neoliberalism, replacing “society” with groupings of individuals and connectable “YOUS.
Updating to Remain the Same MIT Press: Habitual New Media The MIT Press #ad - For isn't “new media” actually “nyoU media”? Habit is central to the inversion of privacy and publicity that drives neoliberalism and networks. We thus forever try to catch up, updating to remain the same. New media―we are told―exist at the bleeding edge of obsolescence. What it means when media moves from the new to the habitual―when our bodies become archives of supposedly obsolescent media, updating, sharing, streaming, saving.
Through habits, new media become embedded in our lives―indeed, we become our machines: we stream, upload, update, link, Chun says, trash, capture, save, and troll. Chun links habits to the rise of networks as the defining concept of our era. Meanwhile, analytic, creative, and commercial efforts focus exclusively on the next big thing: figuring out what will spread and who will spread it the fastest.
Control and Freedom: Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics The MIT PressThe MIT Press #ad - She traces the desire for cyberspace to cyberpunk fiction and maps the transformation of public/private into open/closed. Analyzing "pornocracy, " she contends that it was through cyberporn and the government's attempts to regulate it that the Internet became a marketplace of ideas and commodities. A work that bridges media archaeology and visual culture studies argues that the Internet has emerged as a mass medium by linking control with freedom and democracy.
How has the internet, a medium that thrives on control, been accepted as a medium of freedom? Why is freedom increasingly indistinguishable from paranoid control? In Control and Freedom, Wendy Hui Kyong Chun explores the current political and technological coupling of freedom with control by tracing the emergence of the Internet as a mass medium.
. Chun describes the way internet promoters conflated technological empowerment with racial empowerment and, through close examinations of William Gibson's Neuromancer and Mamoru Oshii's Ghost in the Shell, she analyzes the management of interactivity in narratives of cyberspace. The internet's potential for democracy stems not from illusory promises of individual empowerment, Chun argues, but rather from the ways in which it exposes us to others and to other machines in ways we cannot control.
Using fiber optic networks―light coursing through glass tubes―as metaphor and reality, in order to argue that fiber-optic networks physically instantiate, and thus shatter, surveillance, Control and Freedom engages the rich philosophical tradition of light as a figure for knowledge, and discipline, clarification, enlightenment.
Control and Freedom: Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics The MIT Press #ad - The parallel and paranoid myths of the Internet as total freedom/total control, she says, stem from our reduction of political problems into technological ones. Drawing on the theories of gilles deleuze and michel Foucault and analyzing such phenomena as Webcams and face-recognition technology, Chun argues that the relationship between control and freedom in networked contact is experienced and negotiated through sexuality and race.
Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce RacismNYU Press #ad - A revealing look at how negative biases against women of color are embedded in search engine results and algorithms Run a Google search for “black girls”―what will you find? “Big Booty” and other sexually explicit terms are likely to come up as top search terms. But, if you type in “white girls, ” the results are radically different.
As search engines and their related companies grow in importance―operating as a source for email, a major vehicle for primary and secondary school learning, and beyond―understanding and reversing these disquieting trends and discriminatory practices is of utmost importance. An original, maintained, disturbing account of bias on the internet, Algorithms of Oppression contributes to our understanding of how racism is created, at times, surprising and, and disseminated in the 21st century.
Data discrimination is a real social problem; noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, specifically women of color.
Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism #ad - Through an analysis of textual and media searches as well as extensive research on paid online advertising, Noble exposes a culture of racism and sexism in the way discoverability is created online. The suggested porn sites and un-moderated discussions about “why black women are so sassy” or “why black women are so angry” presents a disturbing portrait of black womanhood in modern society.
In algorithms of oppression, safiya umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities.
The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information SocietyHarvard University Press #ad - In the united states, and complexity of industrial processes, applications of steam power in the early 1800s brought a dramatic rise in the speed, volume, making them difficult to control. Beniger shows that more recent developments in microprocessors, computers, and telecommunications are only a smooth continuation of this Control Revolution.
Inevitably the industrial revolution, with its ballooning use of energy to drive material processes, required a corresponding growth in the exploitation of information: the Control Revolution. Between the 1840s and the 1920s came most of the important information-processing and communication technologies still in use today: telegraphy, typewriter, rotary power printing, paper money, motion pictures, punch-card processing, the postage stamp, telephone, radio, modern bureaucracy, and television.
The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society #ad - It will be welcomed by sociologists, economists, historians of science and technology, and all curious in general. Scores of problems arose: fatal train wrecks, loss of shipments, misplacement of freight cars for months at a time, inability to maintain high rates of inventory turnover. Along the way he touches on many fascinating topics: why breakfast was invented, how trademarks came to be worth more than the companies that own them, why some employees wear uniforms, and whether time zones will always be necessary.
The book is impressive not only for the breadth of its scholarship but also for the subtlety and force of its argument. Why do we find ourselves living in an information society? how did the collection, processing, and communication of information come to play an increasingly important role in advanced industrial countries relative to the roles of matter and energy? And why is this change recent―or is it?James Beniger traces the origin of the Information Society to major economic and business crises of the past century.
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Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life Princeton ClassicsPrinceton University Press #ad - He argued that facts should be manufactured by machines like the air-pump so that gentlemen could witness the experiments and produce knowledge that everyone agreed on. Steven shapin and simon schaffer use the confrontation between Hobbes and Boyle as a way of understanding what was at stake in the early history of scientific experimentation.
Boyle proposed the experiment as cure. Attempting to understand the work habits, and social structures of a remote, unfamiliar group, rituals, they argued that politics were tied up in what scientists did, rather than what they said. They describe the protagonists' divergent views of natural knowledge, and situate the Hobbes-Boyle disputes within contemporary debates over the role of intellectuals in public life and the problems of social order and assent in Restoration England.
Both boyle and hobbes were looking for ways of establishing knowledge that did not decay into ad hominem attacks and political division. In a new introduction, the authors describe how science and its social context were understood when this book was first published, and how the study of the history of science has changed since then.
Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life Princeton Classics #ad - Used book in Good Condition. Shapin and Schaffer were also innovative in their ethnographic approach. Leviathan and the air-pump examines the conflicts over the value and propriety of experimental methods between two major seventeenth-century thinkers: Thomas Hobbes, author of the political treatise Leviathan and vehement critic of systematic experimentation in natural philosophy, and Robert Boyle, mechanical philosopher and owner of the newly invented air-pump.
The new approaches taken in Leviathan and the Air-Pump have been enormously influential on historical studies of science.
The Interface EffectPolity #ad - Rather than praising user-friendly interfaces that work well, or castigating those that work poorly, this book considers the unworkable nature of all interfaces, from windows and doors to screens and keyboards. Indeed western thought has long construed media as a grand choice between two kinds of interfaces.
Considered allegorically, such thresholds do not so much tell the story of their own operations but beckon outward into the realm of social and political life, and in so doing ask a question to which the political interpretation of interfaces is the only coherent answer. The familiar socratic conceit from the Phaedrus, of communication as the process of writing directly on the soul of the other, has returned to center stage in today's discussions of culture and media.
The Interface Effect #ad - Recognizing the limits of either path, Galloway charts an alternative course by considering the interface as an autonomous zone of aesthetic activity, guided by its own logic and its own ends: the interface effect. Following the optimistic path, media seamlessly interface self and other in a transparent and immediate connection.
Used book in Good Condition. In other words, either beautiful or deceptive, media interfaces are either clear or complicated, either already known or endlessly interpretable. Interfaces are back, or perhaps they never left. Grounded in philosophy and cultural theory and driven by close readings of video games, and other images, software, television, painting, Galloway seeks to explain the logic of digital culture through an analysis of its most emblematic and ubiquitous manifestation – the interface.
The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty Software StudiesThe MIT Press #ad - A comprehensive political and design theory of planetary-scale computation proposing that The Stack―an accidental megastructure―is both a technological apparatus and a model for a new geopolitical architecture. What has planetary-scale computation done to our geopolitical realities? It takes different forms at different scales―from energy and mineral sourcing and subterranean cloud infrastructure to urban software and massive universal addressing systems; from interfaces drawn by the augmentation of the hand and eye to users identified by self―quantification and the arrival of legions of sensors, algorithms, and robots.
Mit Pr. This model, informed by the logic of the multilayered structure of protocol “stacks, ” in which network technologies operate within a modular and vertical order, offers a comprehensive image of our emerging infrastructure and a platform for its ongoing reinvention. The stack is an interdisciplinary design brief for a new geopolitics that works with and for planetary-scale computation.
The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty Software Studies #ad - Each is mapped on its own terms and understood as a component within the larger whole built from hard and soft systems intermingling―not only computational forms but also social, human, and physical forces. We are inside The Stack and it is inside of us. In an account that is both theoretical and technical, City, Cloud, and software studies, Bratton explores six layers of The Stack: Earth, Address, architectural theory, Interface, drawing on political philosophy, User.
Together, the internet of things, how do these distort and deform modern political geographies and produce new territories in their own image?In The Stack, smart cities, mobile apps, cloud platforms, automation―can be seen not as so many species evolving on their own, Benjamin Bratton proposes that these different genres of computation―smart grids, but as forming a coherent whole: an accidental megastructure called The Stack that is both a computational apparatus and a new governing architecture.
The Age of Surveillance Capitalism: The Fight for a Human Future at the New Frontier of PowerPublicAffairs #ad - The challenges to humanity posed by the digital future, the first detailed examination of the unprecedented form of power called "surveillance capitalism, " and the quest by powerful corporations to predict and control our behavior. In this masterwork of original thinking and research, Shoshana Zuboff provides startling insights into the phenomenon that she has named surveillance capitalism.
. Here is the crucible of an unprecedented form of power marked by extreme concentrations of knowledge and free from democratic oversight. Zuboff's comprehensive and moving analysis lays bare the threats to twenty-first century society: a controlled "hive" of total connection that seduces with promises of total certainty for maximum profit--at the expense of democracy, freedom, and our human future.
The Age of Surveillance Capitalism: The Fight for a Human Future at the New Frontier of Power #ad - With little resistance from law or society, surveillance capitalism is on the verge of dominating the social order and shaping the digital future--if we let it. Mit Pr. Vast wealth and power are accumulated in ominous new "behavioral futures markets, " where predictions about our behavior are bought and sold, and the production of goods and services is subordinated to a new "means of behavioral modification.
The threat has shifted from a totalitarian Big Brother state to a ubiquitous digital architecture: a "Big Other" operating in the interests of surveillance capital. Used book in Good Condition. The stakes could not be higher: a global architecture of behavior modification threatens human nature in the twenty-first century just as industrial capitalism disfigured the natural world in the twentieth.
How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and InformaticsUniversity of Chicago Press #ad - Thus she moves from the post-world war ii macy conferences on cybernetics to the 1952 novel Limbo by cybernetics aficionado Bernard Wolfe; from the concept of self-making to Philip K. University of Chicago Press. While some marvel at these changes, envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans "beamed" Star Trek-style, others view them with horror, seeing monsters brooding in the machines.
In how we became Posthuman, N. Dick's literary explorations of hallucination and reality; and from artificial life to postmodern novels exploring the implications of seeing humans as cybernetic systems. Although becoming posthuman can be nightmarish, Hayles shows how it can also be liberating. From the birth of cybernetics to artificial life, How We Became Posthuman provides an indispensable account of how we arrived in our virtual age, and of where we might go from here.
How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics #ad - In this age of dna computers and artificial intelligence, information is becoming disembodied even as the "bodies" that once carried it vanish into virtuality. Hayles relates three interwoven stories: how information lost its body, that is, how it came to be conceptualized as an entity separate from the material forms that carry it; the cultural and technological construction of the cyborg; and the dismantling of the liberal humanist "subject" in cybernetic discourse, along with the emergence of the "posthuman.
Ranging widely across the history of technology, and literary criticism, forgotten, cultural studies, Hayles shows what had to be erased, and elided to conceive of information as a disembodied entity. Used book in Good Condition.
Race After Technology: Abolitionist Tools for the New Jim CodePolity #ad - If you adopt this book for classroom use in the 2019-2020 academic year, the author would be pleased to arrange to Skype to a session of your class. This illuminating guide provides conceptual tools for decoding tech promises with sociologically informed skepticism. Moreover, she makes a compelling case for race itself as a kind of technology, designed to stratify and sanctify social injustice in the architecture of everyday life.
In doing so, it challenges us to question not only the technologies we are sold but also the ones we ourselves manufacture. If interested, enter your details in this sign-up sheet: https://buff. Ly/2wjsvzr used book in Good Condition. University of Chicago Press. From everyday apps to complex algorithms, Ruha Benjamin cuts through tech-industry hype to understand how emerging technologies can reinforce White supremacy and deepen social inequity.
Race After Technology: Abolitionist Tools for the New Jim Code #ad - Mit Pr. Presenting the concept of the “new jim code, ” she shows how a range of discriminatory designs encode inequity by explicitly amplifying racial hierarchies; by ignoring but thereby replicating social divisions; or by aiming to fix racial bias but ultimately doing quite the opposite. Benjamin argues that automation, has the potential to hide, far from being a sinister story of racist programmers scheming on the dark web, speed up, and deepen discrimination while appearing neutral and even benevolent when compared to the racism of a previous era.