. Kings were thus compelled to protect wild elephants from hunters and elephant forests from being cut down. In early civilizations—such as egypt, the indus civilization, and China—kings used elephants for royal sacrifice, public display of live captives, spectacular hunts, Mesopotamia, or the conspicuous consumption of ivory—all of them tending toward the elephant’s extinction.
Elephants and Kings: An Environmental History #ad - Trautmann shows in this study, found a use for elephants that actually helped preserve their habitat and numbers in the wild: war. Trautmann traces the history of the war elephant in india and the spread of the institution to the west—where elephants took part in some of the greatest wars of antiquity—and Southeast Asia but not China, a history that spans 3, significantly, 000 years and a considerable part of the globe, from Spain to Java.
Rather, indian kings captured wild adults and trained them, in a unique form of domestication, one by one, through millennia.
The Lost Wolves of Japan Weyerhaeuser Environmental BooksUniversity of Washington Press #ad - In this spirited and absorbing narrative, cultural, Brett Walker takes a deep look at the scientific, and environmental dimensions of wolf extinction in Japan and tracks changing attitudes toward nature through Japan's long history. Grain farmers once worshiped wolves at shrines and left food offerings near their dens, beseeching the elusive canine to protect their crops from the sharp hooves and voracious appetites of wild boars and deer.
Talismans and charms adorned with images of wolves protected against fire, disease, and other calamities and brought fertility to agrarian communities and to couples hoping to have children. Highly ritualized wolf hunts were instigated to cleanse the landscape of what many considered as demons. By 1905 they had disappeared from the country.
The Lost Wolves of Japan Weyerhaeuser Environmental Books #ad - Certain wolf scientists still camp out in Japan to listen for any trace of the elusive canines. The ainu people believed that they were born from the union of a wolflike creature and a goddess. In the eighteenth century, wolves were seen as rabid man-killers in many parts of Japan. Through poisoning, and a bounty system, hired hunters, one of the archipelago's largest carnivores was systematically erased.
The story of wolf extinction exposes the underside of Japan's modernization. Many japanese once revered the wolf as oguchi no Magami, or Large-Mouthed Pure God, but as Japan began its modern transformation wolves lost their otherworldly status and became noxious animals that needed to be killed. By the nineteenth century, the destruction of wolves had become decidedly unceremonious, however, as seen on the island of Hokkaido.
Empire of Dogs: Canines, Japan, and the Making of the Modern Imperial World Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia UniversityCornell University Press #ad - In may 1925 ueno died while giving a lecture. Through this provocative account, skabelund demonstrates how animals generally and canines specifically have contributed to the creation of our shared history, and how certain dogs have subtly influenced how that history is told. Generously illustrated with both color and black-and-white images, regulate, Empire of Dogs shows that human-canine relations often expose how people—especially those with power and wealth—use animals to define, and enforce political and social boundaries between themselves and other humans, especially in imperial contexts.
The story of hachiko reveals much about the place of dogs in Japan's cultural imagination. In the groundbreaking empire of dogs, aaron herald skabelund examines the history and cultural significance of dogs in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Japan, beginning with the arrival of Western dog breeds and new modes of dog keeping, which spread throughout the world with Western imperialism.
Each evening hachiko greeted Ueno on his return to Shibuya Station. Every day for over nine years the Akita waited at Shibuya Station, eventually becoming nationally and even internationally famous for his purported loyalty. He highlights how dogs joined with humans to create the modern imperial world and how, in turn, imperialism shaped dogs' bodies and their relationship with humans through its impact on dog-breeding and dog-keeping practices that pervade much of the world today.
Empire of Dogs: Canines, Japan, and the Making of the Modern Imperial World Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University #ad - In a book that is both enlightening and entertaining, including the shiba inu; the mobilization of military dogs, maintenance, and in some cases restoration of Japanese dog breeds, Skabelund focuses on actual and metaphorical dogs in a variety of contexts: the rhetorical pairing of the Western "colonial dog" with native canines; subsequent campaigns against indigenous canines in the imperial realm; the creation, both real and fictional; and the emergence of Japan as a "pet superpower" in the second half of the twentieth century.
Wild Man from Borneo: A Cultural History of the OrangutanUniversity of Hawaii Press #ad - The authors offer a provocative analysis of the origin of the name “orangutan, ” trace how the ape has been recruited to arguments on topics as diverse as slavery and rape, and outline the history of attempts to save the animal from extinction. Today, while human populations increase exponentially, that of the orangutan is in dangerous decline.
The remaining “wild men of borneo” are under increasing threat from mining interests, logging, human population expansion, and the widespread destruction of forests. The authors hope that this history will, by adding to our knowledge of this fascinating being, assist in some small way in their preservation.
Wild Man from Borneo: A Cultural History of the Orangutan #ad - Arguably the most humanlike of all the great apes, used, particularly in intelligence and behavior, the orangutan has been cherished, and abused ever since it was first brought to the attention of Europeans in the seventeenth century. One reason for such a long-term engagement with a being found only on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra is that, like its fellow great apes, the orangutan stands on that most uncomfortable dividing line between human and animal, for us, existing, on what has been called “the dangerous edge of the garden of nature.
Beginning with the scientific discovery of the red ape more than three hundred years ago, philosophy, theatre, museums, popular science, travel literature, this work goes on to examine the ways in which its human attributes have been both recognized and denied in science, literature, and film. Wild man from borneo offers the first comprehensive history of the human-orangutan encounter.
The red ape has engaged the interest of scientists, artists, philosophers, and the public at large in a bewildering array of guises that have by no means been exclusively zoological or ecological.
Monkey: A Journey to the WestShambhala #ad - Originally written in the sixteenth century, it is the story of the adventures of the rogue-trickster Monkey and his encounters with a bizarre cast of characters as he travels to India with the Buddhist pilgrim Tripitaka in search of sacred scriptures. David kherdian's masterful telling brings this classic of Chinese literature to life in a way that is true to the scope and depth of the original.
Much more than a picaresque adventure novel, Monkey is a profound allegory of the struggle that must occur before spiritual transformation is possible. Part spiritual pilgrimage, part historical epic, which came to be known as Monkey, the folk novel Journey to the West, is the most popular classic of Asian literature.
Giants of the Monsoon Forest: Living and Working with ElephantsW. W. Norton & Company #ad - In giants of the monsoon forest, geographer Jacob Shell takes us deep into this strange elephant country to explore the lives of these extraordinarily intelligent creatures. The relationship between elephant and rider is an intimate one that lasts for many decades. The two might work together their entire lives.
We encounter an eloquent colonel in a rebel army in burma’s kachin State, and several particularly smart elephants, including one who discovers, all on his own, whose expertise is smuggling arms and valuable jade via elephant convoy, how to use a wood branch as a kind of safety lock when lifting heavy teak logs.
Giants of the Monsoon Forest: Living and Working with Elephants #ad - Giants of the monsoon forest offers a new perspective on animal intelligence and reveals an unexpected relationship between evolution in the natural world and political struggles in the human one. For more than a thousand years, people here have worked with elephants to log these otherwise impassable forests and move people and goods often illicitly under cover of the forest canopy.
When an elephant is young, he or she is paired with a rider, who is called a mahout. And he shows us how asia’s secret forest culture might offer a way to save the elephants. A journey through the hidden world of elephants and their riders. High in the mountainous rainforests of Burma and India grow some of the world’s last stands of mature, wild teak.
Though not bred to work with humans, break logjams in raging rivers, save people from mudslides, these elephants can lift and carry logs, and navigate dense mountain forests with passengers on their backs.
An Environmental History of India: From Earliest Times to the Twenty-First Century New Approaches to Asian History Book 18Cambridge University Press #ad - To understand the region's current and future pressing issues, Michael H. By surveying their environmental history, we can gain major insights into the causes and implications of the Indian subcontinent's current conditions. The new nations of india, and bangladesh have produced rising populations and have stretched natural resources, Pakistan, even as they have become increasingly engaged with climate change.
Fisher argues that we must engage with the long and complex history of interactions among its people, land, climate, flora, and fauna. This accessible new survey begins roughly 100 million years ago, when continental drift moved India from the South Pole and across the Indian Ocean, forming the Himalayan Mountains and creating monsoons.
An Environmental History of India: From Earliest Times to the Twenty-First Century New Approaches to Asian History Book 18 #ad - . India, and bangladesh contain one-fifth of humanity, are home to many biodiversity hotspots, Pakistan, and are among the nations most subject to climatic stresses. Coverage continues to the twenty-first century, taking readers beyond independence from colonial rule.
The Retreat of the Elephants: An Environmental History of ChinaYale University Press #ad - This is the first environmental history of China during the three thousand years for which there are written records. It is also a treasure trove of literary, and religious sources, scientific, political, aesthetic, which allow the reader direct access to the views and feelings of the Chinese people toward their environment and their landscape.
Elvin chronicles the spread of the chinese style of farming that eliminated the habitat of the elephants that populated the country alongside much of its original wildlife; the destruction of most of the forests; the impact of war on the environmental transformation of the landscape; and the re-engineering of the countryside through water-control systems, some of gigantic size.
The Retreat of the Elephants: An Environmental History of China #ad - . And he shows that china in the eighteenth century, on the eve of the modern era, was probably more environmentally degraded than northwestern Europe around this time. Indispensable for its new perspective on long-term Chinese history and its explanation of the roots of China’s present-day environmental crisis, this book opens a door into the Chinese past.
He documents the histories of three contrasting localities within China to show how ecological dynamics defined the lives of the inhabitants.
Animal Intimacies: Interspecies Relatedness in India's Central Himalayas Animal LivesUniversity of Chicago Press #ad - What does it mean to live and die in relation to other animals? Animal Intimacies posits this central question alongside the intimate—and intense—moments of care, indifference, politics, kinship, violence, and desire that occur between human and non-human animals. Built on extensive ethnographic fieldwork in the mountain villages of India’s Central Himalayas, Radhika Govindrajan’s book explores the number of ways that human and animal interact to cultivate relationships as interconnected, related beings.
Whether it is through the study of the affect and ethics of ritual animal sacrifice, or examination of villagers’ talk about bears who abduct women and have sex with them, analysis of the right-wing political project of cow-protection, Govindrajan illustrates that multispecies relatedness relies on both difference and ineffable affinity between animals.
Animal Intimacies: Interspecies Relatedness in India's Central Himalayas Animal Lives #ad - Animal intimacies breaks substantial new ground in animal studies, and Govindrajan’s detailed portrait of the social, political and religious life of the region will be of interest to cultural anthropologists and scholars of South Asia as well. .
Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed The Institution for Social and Policy StYale University Press #ad - Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. Compulsory ujamaa villages in tanzania, the great leap forward in china, Le Corbusier’s urban planning theory realized in Brasilia, collectivization in Russia, agricultural "modernization" in the Tropics—the twentieth century has been racked by grand utopian schemes that have inadvertently brought death and disruption to millions.
Further, the success of designs for social organization depends upon the recognition that local, practical knowledge is as important as formal, epistemic knowledge. He identifies and discusses four conditions common to all planning disasters: administrative ordering of nature and society by the state; a "high-modernist ideology" that places confidence in the ability of science to improve every aspect of human life; a willingness to use authoritarian state power to effect large- scale interventions; and a prostrate civil society that cannot effectively resist such plans.
Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed The Institution for Social and Policy St #ad - Why do well-intentioned plans for improving the human condition go tragically awry?In this wide-ranging and original book, James C. Centrally managed social plans misfire, Scott argues, when they impose schematic visions that do violence to complex interdependencies that are not—and cannot—be fully understood.
The author builds a persuasive case against "development theory" and imperialistic state planning that disregards the values, desires, and objections of its subjects.